Essential propositions of the Biocosmological development

We distinguish three essential propositions which serve as the basis for the creation of Biocosmological Association and joining of efforts of the interested cultural workers (initially, of the specialists involved in scientific research activities). Essentially, the three actual issues for the present-day international cultural cooperation are put forward:

 First of all, this is the return to the original meaning of the notion “Cosmology”. Indeed, the real meaning of a cosmology is constituted of:

1. Presentation and development of a global worldview (on the world as a whole);

2. Rational resolution of the issue about the real (active) driving forces in the cosmic whole (that is the subject of aetiology), i.e. – definition of the causes that eventually carry out safe and successful evolutionary processes, including the subjects of life, endowed with consciousness (the self, society, civilization). The same relates equally to the ontogenesis of each individual and the rising cycles (stages) of the processes of sociocultural development and transformation of Earth’s biosphere;

3. Definition of the universal laws in relation to both “modern physics” (non-Organicistic) spheres of research and, equally, – to the exploration of life processes and phenomena from the standpoint of “Aristotle’s physics” or contemporary integral (systemic, holistic) approaches, i.e., which are realized from Organicist (universal) foundations of science. Significantly, in the latter case, Organicist methodologies are universally applicable to all life spheres, processes and levels: biological, ecological, anthropological and personalist, sociocultural, evolutionary, global (cosmist);

4. Rational elucidation (in the accepted cosmological sphere) of the place and role of a person in current evolutionary processes of the one cosmic whole evolution of the life on Earth. In this light, it is necessary to recognize modern “astrophysical” representation of cosmology (as the section of modern astronomy and physics, that studies properties and evolution of the material Universe) – as a natural scientific field, but, in its current dominating status, – only as a certain successive cycle-stage (of the Western civilization) in the global sociocultural evolution.

In the second place, – the Triadic (three-dimensional – Triune Organicist Evolutionary) approach is put forward, aimed at the treatment of the methodological foundations of modern scientific and philosophical activity. The given approach admits the synchronous existence (with natural alternating domination) of the three types of realistic independent spheres of live activity. Essentially, already in 1930s this scientific truth was found by the outstanding Russian-American scientist and thinker Pitirim Aleksandrovich Sorokin – in the form of the three independent «sociocultural supersystems», including also the three-dimensional – integralist – methodology of their research, developed by Sorokin. These three “supersystems” are: Sensate, Ideational and Integral. Each “supersystem” (due to Sorokin’s scientific conclusion) embraces in itself the corresponding types of all sociocultural vast systems. Thus, for instance, the Sensate supersystem is made up of: sensate science, sensate philosophy, sensate religion of a sort, sensate fine arts, sensate ethics, law, economics and politics, along with predominantly sensate types of persons and groups, ways of life and social institutions.

In turn, at physiological level, – the given fundamental (Triadic) principle is evident to us by virtue of our general knowledge about the synchronous and independent (and likewise alternate, in respect of domination) functioning of the three divisions (subsystems) of one (integrated) autonomic nervous (super)system: parasympathetic, (ortho)sympathetic and metasympathetic (as regards the latter, in the English-language scientific environment, – references are usually made to the example of enteric nervous system).

A crucial point is, also, that the Biocosmological approach has no essential relation to previous triadic conceptions by Plato, Hegel and Marx.

In the third, on the basis of Triadic approach, — the synchronous consideration (treatment) of various methodological foundations becomes possible, firstly, of using Aristotelian philosophical foundations in the realization of a scientific research. Above all, this is needed for the rehabilitation of the field of aetiological research in its true sense (as originally created by Aristotle). In other words, an appeal for fundamental recognition of the equal worth and integrity of the interaction between all four driving causes (cosmic forces) emerges, – that precisely all four Aristotle’s causes determine the unity and the evolutionary development of the real world (cosmos): 1. Material cause – “causa materialis” (in our modern understanding – ‘material composition’); 2. Formal cause – “causa formalis” – ‘the structural-morphological organization’; 3. Efficient cause – “causa efficiens” – ‘common physical causality’; 4. Final cause – “causa finalis” – ‘purposeful or telic causality’. At the same time, both in Aristotelism, and Biocosmology, – immanent (intrinsic) goal-directed (teleological) causes are of crucial importance (at least, we are to take it into serious consideration).